Developments such as the Renaissance, the Reformation, and the expansion of trade and colonization throughout the world, have transformed Europe. Read on. Europe is still inhabited by Stone Age farming peoples. Tribes speaking Indo-European languages are migrating into the continent from the east. Bronze Age farming cultures now cover most of Europe, and in the south-east, the first European civilizations now flourish in Crete and Greece.
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Its major peninsulas include Jutland and the Scandinavian , Iberian , Italian , and Balkan peninsulas. Among the continents, Europe is an anomaly. Larger only than Australia , it is a small appendage of Eurasia. Yet the peninsular and insular western extremity of the continent, thrusting toward the North Atlantic Ocean, provides—thanks to its latitude and its physical geography—a relatively genial human habitat, and the long processes of human history came to mark off the region as the home of a distinctive civilization. As a conceptual construct, Europa, as the more learned of the ancient Greeks first conceived it, stood in sharp contrast to both Asia and Libya, the name then applied to the known northern part of Africa.
Date February 27, March 1, His campaign rhetoric criticizing some Muslims and Mexicans and his recent efforts to limit immigration and trade have left many analysts wondering whether his presidency could effectively move the country toward a period of ethno-nationalism. These rightist groups predate Trump politically and tie themselves more tightly to nationalism, but they are also happy to ride on the coattails of his victory. Marine Le Pen, the National Front party leader running for president of France, embraces antiglobalization and anti-immigration policies.
In some sources, Eastern Europe is defined as the nations bordered by the Baltic and Barents seas on the north; the Adriatic , Black , and Caspian seas and the Caucasus Mountains on the south; and the Ural Mountains. The Transcaucasian countries of Armenia , Azerbaijan , and Georgia are included in this definition, though they are defined by the UN as western Asia. The boundaries of Eastern Europe, therefore, are subject to considerable overlap and fluctuation depending on the context in which they are used, which makes differentiation difficult. Global regions are often of social constructs defined by abstract, neutral criteria and not necessarily strict physical features. Eastern Europe is a grouping of countries on the European continent which has varying definitions, sometimes geographical in nature and sometimes more political.